This is the sketch from Saturday started in St Joseph’s church in Duddeston looking across graveyards to the brewery as evening fell. Since then I re-suspended that first layer in wet white gouache and let this dry overnight. The next evening I drew back into this with a further layer of chalk and gouache.
The sculpted cross nearest me bore the inscription IHS. This turns out to be a christogram, a westernised translation of the first three letters iota-eta-sigma of the word IHΣΟΥΣ, “Jesus”. When looking this up, I found these three letters came also to stand for Iesus Hominum Salvator, meaning Jesus, saviour of men. The newly acquired meaning is called a backronym. I and J are interchangeable in the Latin alphabet. The letter Σ can be written in its lunate form C. From this comes IHC, or JHC, by which route the Christian saviour acquired, in popular parlance, his middle initial.